(22 stanzas -- Days 37th to 58th)
tâ vê urvâtâ mareñtô
Keeping the two principles of Yours in mind,
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 1)
Summary Substance: With the two principles of Good and Evil in view, Zarathushtra and his companions embark on teaching an entirely new doctrine, never heard before. The teachings are particularly meant for those who prove destructive to the life based on righteousness. For those who are already on the right track, the two principles should prove highly useful.
Pondering Points: The Zarathushtrian Doctrine is novel, aimed at correcting the wrongful, and providing best lead to the righteous.
ýezî âish nôit urvânê
Since it is not easy for the soul
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 2)
Summary Substance: In spite of the wisdom to choose, one needs a lead. Zarathushtra, who has discovered the Wise Lord, Mazda Ahura, and the Principles of Life, offers to lead both the wrongful and the rightful to live a righteous life.
Pondering Points: A novice, although wise, needs good guidance. Zarathushtra's divine experience provides that to all and every person who wants it.
ýãm då mainyû athrâcâ
The happiness You grant, has been promised to the two parties
through Your mental fire and righteousness.
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 3)
Summary Substance: One should understand this point. God has granted happiness for all, the rightful and the wrongful. It only comes through mental enlightenment and righteous conduct. It is this enlightenment which Zarathushtra asks God to grant so that he guides humanity to the right course of life.
Pondering Points: Happiness is for all. Get enlightened and you have it.
ýadâ ashem zevîm anghen
When righteousness is to be invoked,
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 4)
Summary Substance: When one wishes to be righteous, the wise will be at hand to guide him or her to what one wants. It is the reward sought and also the serene satisfaction after obtaining it. And Zarathushtra, always lead by his illuminated mind, wants a dominion powerful enough to have its very expansion eliminate wrong.
Pondering Points: Want righteousness, ask the wise. It comes with serenity. And illumination provides the power to eliminate evil.
tat môi vîcidyâi vaocâ
Speak to me so that I can discern
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 5)
Summary Substance: Already enlightened, Zarathushtra continues to seek more divine guidance to fully realize his part as a seer determined to lead the living. He wants enough knowledge and experience to be able to foresee the future -- possibilities and impossibilities.
Pondering Points: Increasing enlightenment is needed to foresee events -- what to undertake and what not to embark in.
ahmâi anghat vahishtem
The best shall come to the wise person
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 6)
Summary Substance: Zarathushtra's thought-provoking teachings lead to perfection and eternity. He blesses the person who embarks on the mission of spreading his divine message. That person, enlightened by good mind, will also enhance his own divine dominion.
Pondering Points: Zarathushtra's thought-provokers grant eternal bliss. Spread them and be blessed.
ýastâ mañtâ pouruyô
He is Who thought first
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 7)
Summary Substance: God created the universe, blended with light and bliss, with wisdom. He is the creator of the Universal Law based on the best wisdom, the progressive mentality. Zarathushtra wants the divine mentality to stimulate his mind, a mind which had remained inactive.
Pondering Points: Mind is not to stagnate. It must be provoked to progress, innovate, create.
at thwâ mêñghî pourvîm
Wise One, I realized You
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 8)
Summary Substance: Zarathushtra realizes, by his searching sight, that God is the first and the latest -- above time and age. He created both Good Mind and the Universal Law of Precision -- two principles that wisely regulate the universe. He also watches over actions in one's life.
Pondering Points: A thorough search is needed to truly realize God, time, timelessness, the universe, and the principles which regulate it.
thwôi as ârmaitîsh
I also realized, Wise Lord,
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 9)
Summary Substance: Zarathushtra further realizes that Mazda created our living world. He also created serenity and good mind, two principles that enable the world to make a wise decision to choose between the people who are usefully settled and those who wander in vain.
Pondering Points: Freedom, serene atmosphere and good wisdom help make the right choice.
at hî ayå fravaretâ
Of the two, it has chosen
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 10)
Summary Substance: The living world prefers people who are settled and are prospering. They are wise and therefore can lead. Wandering hordes do not grasp the advantage of a settled life and resort to cheating.
Pondering Points: Prospering settlers are worthy of righteous leadership. Wasteful wandering promotes deceit.
hyat nê mazdâ paourvîm
O Wise One, at the beginning,
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 11)
Summary Substance: When at the beginning, the Wise One made, through his mental faculty, our world, He granted us conception and intellect as He put life into our bodies. He also gave ability to talk and act -- all to grant freedom of choice to us.
Pondering Points: Life, body, mind, speech and action are divine grants to enjoy freedom of choice.
athrâ vâcem baraitî
Therefore, whether one speaks truth or not,
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 12)
Summary Substance: All -- truthful, liar, wise, and stupid -- express themselves in words of what their minds guide or their emotions dictate. It is then that one, cool and calm, may well understand where the good or the retarding mentality would lead to.
Pondering Points: Mind engages in thoughts. Heart throbs with emotions. Two ways of expression. Cool consideration decides which one to choose.
ýâ frasâ âvîshyâ
Wise One, whether inquiries are made
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 13)
Summary Substance: God is, through the Universal Law of Precision, precisely watching all -- problems faced in open or secret and great harm suffered by men of small offense.
Pondering Points: God is watching. Are we watching ourselves?
tâ thwâ peresâ ahurâ
God, I ask You this:
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 14)
Summary Substance: Zarathushtra wants to be clear on present conditions and future happenings. What does future hold for the righteous and what for the wrongful? What when all is done and complete? The questions are self-answering. Eternal good for the righteous, corrective justice for the wrongful, and happy eternity for all.
Pondering Points: Do it right, get it quick. Play it wrong, linger behind.
peresâ avat ýâ mainish
God, I ask You this:
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 15)
Summary Substance: The questions are as to what happens to one who, with his evil actions, helps to support a wrongful person and what happens to one whose only object is to harm and hurt peaceful people and their cattle. The answer, provoked by the questions, is: evil consequences.
Pondering Points: Helping evil and hurting innocent does not pay.
peresâ avat ýathâ hvô
I ask this:
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 16)
Summary Substance: Who but the person who promotes house, district or land -- uniting units of human society -- with his and her righteous acts, grows into a godlike being? Again an answering question!
Pondering Points: Promotion of human society makes one divine.
katârêm ashavâ vâ
Which of the two courses is greater,
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 17)
Summary Substance: The course which a righteous person chooses is better than the one taken by a wrongful person. This point should be made clear by the wise who teach seekers of truth. It would consequently stop the ignorant leader from deceiving people.
Pondering Points: Teach truth to defeat deception.
mâ-cish at vê dregvatô
Therefore, let none of you listen
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 18)
Summary Substance: The wrongful deceives and therefore one should not listen to his misguiding words. It is his teachings which bring destruction to various units of society -- from house to country. Such a person must be corrected even if one has to use force.
Pondering Points: Stop destruction, even if by force, only to correct it into construction.
gûshtâ ýê mañtâ ashem
Lord, one who listens and realizes the truth,
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 19)
Summary Substance: A person who listens to good teachings and understands truth becomes wise and can heal social ills. He becomes a master wise who knows what to say and when to say. It is this enlightened person who promotes the righteous and corrects the wrongful. (Zarathushtra is such a person. He first listened to the best, realized God, understood the ills that plagued humanity, rose to heal the society with his thoughtful, thought-provoking message.)
Pondering Points: Listen, learn, acquire knowledge, understand ills, heal humanity.
ýê âyat ashavanem
Whoever goes over to the righteous,
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 20)
Summary Substance: Bright future awaits the person who chooses righteousness. A long period of suffering with dark thoughts and hard words meets the wrongful. His awakening conscience tells that this is because of his evil deeds.
Pondering Points: Choose right, feel bright. Go wrong, enter darkness, sense dejection.
mazdå dadât ahurô
God Wise grants wholeness, immortality,
(Gathas: Song 4 - stanza 21)
Summary Substance: God gives perfection, eternity, much righteousness, independence, and an ever-guiding good mind to the person who lovingly follows God in thoughts, words and deeds.
Pondering Points: Befriend God by acting godlike, enjoy divine blessings.
chithrâ î hudâonghê
These principles are clear to the beneficent person, who works
for the realization
(Song 4 - stanza 22)
Summary Substance: The principles of good life are clear to one who wants to prove helpfully gracious to others by promulgating the message, promoting righteousness, acquiring good mind, and cultivating good dominion. He or she is the most efficient helping hand.
Pondering Points: Helping others understand the divine message and promote good life makes one the most useful person.
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