(16 stanzas -- Days 59th to 74th)
Introduction: This song is, in fact, an exposure of the fraud and aberration practiced by the priests and princes of the old cult. The daevas, false gods and their worship were the creation of evil mentality and deceit by the priestly profession. It is superstitions that deviate a person from thinking right. However, they become a good source of income for the cunning, who continue to hoard what they can extract from the simple people. These cunning persons are the ritualistic priests, called "karapan" by Zarathushtra. The word actually means "arrangers of rituals," but it also means "chatterers" and "mumblers" which they were indeed. They were the only priests Zarathushtra knew. In fact, in his Songs, he does not see and mention any good priest. The karapans were not alone. There were the rulers, turned into luxury lovers through the spoils they had accumulated. The two, having a common vested interest of exploiting the people, had joined hands. They kept the people in darkness and ignorance. Their increasing lust for wealth had turned them into tyrants, an action that earned them people's hatred. However, they forgot that God was watching them and a day would dawn when a thought-provoker genius would rise and lead the people out of their clutches. How true is this situation alive today in many parts of the world, the reader is free to consider and judge.
ax'yâcâ xvaêtush ýâsat
O false gods beware,
(Gathas: Song 5- stanza 1)
Summary Substance: Zarathushtra warns the priests of old cult that their days are over. All, from the family to the world fellowship, have become enlightened enough to join him in becoming missionaries of the Divine Message that will curb the exploiting activities of the professionalist and create a new world.
Pondering Points: Recognize priestly pranks, understand the Message, radiate it to others and cleanse the community.
aêibyô mazdå ahurô
The Wise God, an ally through good mind
(Gathas: Song 5-stanza 2)
Summary Substance: God loves and supports those who use their good mind and act according to the universal law of righteousness, and work as messengers of the divine doctrine. God grants them a serene and calm life to progress. Happy, they pray to have it for ever.
Pondering Points: Think good, act right, befriend God, spread the message, and enjoy progress in peace.
at ýûsh daêvâ vîspånghô
But you deceptive gods,
(Gathas: Song 5 - stanza 3)
Summary Substance: False gods are creation of evil mind, wrongful thoughts, words and deeds, and contempt for free people by zealots of religiosity. It is they who are known to be engaged in deceiving and exploiting simple people.
Pondering Points: Evil mind, vested interest, and exploitation create false gods.
ýât ýûshtâ framîmathâ
Because you have, with your actions,
(Gathas: Song 5 - stanza 4)
Summary Substance: Deceptive priests make people do for them even the worst acts only to make them feel that they are devotees of the so-called gods. These people are thus kept away from using their God-given intelligence and do not act righteously.
Pondering Points: Deprivation of good thinking deviates one from righteous acts.
tâ debenaotâ mashîm
Thus you have deprived mankind
(Gathas: Song 5 - stanza 5)
Summary Substance: Belief in false gods has misguided human beings not to lead a good life and therefore not to attain immortality. But this very action is self-defeating because when these beliefs are translated into evil thoughts, words and deeds, the result is chaos caused by the wrong persons in power.
Pondering Points: False beliefs bring chaos.
However, even if this power makes
(Gathas: Song 5-stanza 6)
Summary Substance: Even if a criminal becomes famous for the wrong power used by him, it will not last long. Eventually, the divine doctrine, through best thinking, will be established in the divine dominion, chosen by the righteous in accordance with the Universal Law.
Pondering Points: Wrong power and fame do not last. Divine Doctrine does.
Regarding these offenses,
no wise person has ever attained power
(Gathas: Song 5-stanza 7)
Summary Substance: Power attained through brute force cannot be called life. It is living. A wise person will never do it. God knows best the end of that living.
Pondering Points: Living achieved by ruthless force is no life.
Regarding these crimes,
(Gathas: Song 5-stanza 8)
Summary Substance: Among those who have committed crimes, Yima (King Jamshid) is reported to have declared himself the "god of the world." But as far as Zarathushtra is concerned, he leaves it to God to be the final judge. He has nothing to state.
Pondering Points: Do not pass judgment on an act you are not a witness.
Note: King Jamshid's reign and feats symbolize the period during which the Indo-Iranians migrated from northern steppes to the Iranian Plateau and then survived a severe spell of the ice age. His period also symbolizes many advances made in social comforts. When Jamshid felt that it was he who had provided his people with prosperity, he became proud and arrogant and declared himself, in words of Ferdowsi's Shahnameh (the epic of Book of the Kings), "the Creator of the World." The boast brought his downfall at the hands of Azhi Dahaka (Zahhak or Zohak of the Shahnameh). Incidentaly Jamshid is the only legendary subject mentioned in the Gathas and that too casually. The Gathas are free of myth and legend.
dush-sastish sravå môreñdat
The evil teacher destroys with his teachings
(Gathas: Song 5-stanza 9)
Summary Substance: An evil teacher will not teach how to live a thoughtful life. He has to keep people in ignorance and away from knowledge attained through good mind. Zarathushtra wants God to help him, through righteousness, to express the truth in understandable words so that people are awakened.
Pondering Points: Evil teaching retains ignorance. Good teaching enlightens to good life.
hvô mâ-nâ sravå môreñdat
Indeed, he devastates the doctrine
(Gathas: Song 5-stanza 10)
Summary Substance: Four types of people destroy the Doctrine of Zarathushtra. (1) The superstitious who do not see the world and the sun as plain creations but imagine them to be deities with mythical tales; (2) who connive to have a just person confront a wrongful person; (3) the aggressors who destroy human habitation; and (4) who hurt the righteous.
Pondering Points: Only superstition and aggression go against the divine doctrine.
taêcît mâ môreñden jyôtûm
Also they devastate life
(Gathas: Song 5-stanza 11)
Summary Substance: People who regard the wrongful rich as lords and ladies, who exploit people to deprive them of their belongings, and who, through various means, try to distract the righteous people to give up thinking as good as they can, are also among those who disturb and destroy life.
Pondering Points: Appeasing, exploiting and distracting are among destructive acts.
ýâ rånghayen sravanghâ
It is through such teachings
(Gathas: Song 5- stanza 12)
Summary Substance: It is through exploitation of the poor by the rich that good life on earth is disturbed and destroyed. The priests also side the rich instead of the righteous persons because it pays them well in return. The consequences for these wrong teachings and doings are bad. That is the divine justice.
Pondering Points: Exploitation does not pay. Righteous life does.
ýâ xshathrâ gerêhmô hîshasat
It is because of such power
(Gathas: Song 5- stanza 13)
Summary Substance:Spoils grabbed by the priests has given them power. It provides them with a gainful living. It is a life of lust lived with the worst mind. And their lust does not allow them to see righteousness, the Truth. It makes them create an uproar against the thought-provoking message of Zarathushtra.
Pondering Points:Spoils spoil mind to lie low, leave logic, live in lust, and lash the Divine Message.
ahyâ gerêhmô â-hôithôi
Seizing such spoils,
(Gathas: Song 5 - stanza 14)
Summary Substance:The Kavi princes, although men of knowledge, were cooperating with the practicing priests in exploiting people. The two had a common interest-exploitation. Thus the rulers were helping the wrongful. Addicted to "haoma," the instant intoxicating drink prepared ceremoniously to give "pep", their aggressive mood was destroying the world.
Pondering Points:Rule by the robbing rich is ruinous.
anâish â vî-nênâsâ
It is with such actions
(Gathas: Song 5- stanza 15)
Summary Substance:Once the truth exposed by Zarathushtra is understood, the priests and princes are overthrown by the very people who are deprived of their rightful freedom to live. It is the free people who ultimately enjoy the blessings of good mind.
Pondering Points:Realize truth, gain freedom, live wise and happy.
hamêm tat vahishtâcît
Every teaching of the talented
(Gathas: Song 5- stanza 16)
Summary Substance:Zarathushtra the genius declares all his teachings the best to listen to. He is confident that he will be able to meet the threat posed by the priests and the princes. He is sure to stop the cruelty done to his companions.
Pondering Points:Talent and truth triumph, crime and cruelty crash.
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